Daily GK : 30th March 2018

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International Affairs

1. NASA to send First Mission on 5th May to Study ‘Heart’ of Mars

  • NASA is all set to send the first-ever mission dedicated to exploring the deep interior of Mars. Scheduled to launch on 5th May, In-Sight—a stationary lander—will also be the first Nasa mission since the Apollo moon landings to place a seismometer, a device that measures quakes, on the soil of another planet.
  • InSight or the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport mission, carries a suite of sensitive instruments to gather data.

Note:

  • NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  • NASA is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States.

2. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi re-elected for the second term Egyptian’s President

  • With 92% of the vote, the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has been re-elected for a second term.
  • He was elected to a four-year presidential term in 2014.
  • Sisi overthrew Islamist president Mohammed Morsi in 2013 following mass protests against his rule.

Note:

  • The pound is the currency of Egypt.
  • Cairo is the capital of Egypt.

National Affairs 

3. Mewat is most backward district of the country : Niti Aayog

  • According to the Niti Aayog Mewat in Haryana is the most backward while Andhra Pradesh’s Vizianagaram is the best-performing district of the country.
  • Niti Aayog released the baseline ranking for 101 aspirational districts based on 49 indicators across five sectors that includes health and nutrition (30% weightage), education (30%), agriculture and water resources (20%), financial inclusion and skill development (10%), and basic infrastructure (10%).
  • Mewat is preceded by Madhya Pradesh’s Singrauli and Telangana’s Asifabad at the bottom of the list. While Chhattisgarh’s Rajnandgaon and Maharashtra’s Osmanabad lie second and third on the top of the table.
  • The total number of districts in the programme is set to go up to 117 when 10 districts of Odisha, five from West Bengal and one from Kerala join.

4. HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar Inaugurates Smart India Hackathon Grand Finale 2018-Software Edition in New Delhi

  • Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar has inaugurated the Smart India Hackathon Grand Finale 2018 -Software edition in New Delhi.
  • He stated that Hackathon aims to build Digital India and to engage the youth directly in nation-building. It is intended to promote innovation, out-of-the-box thinking in young minds.
  • One lakh students from 1,200 colleges are participating at the world’s largest Hackathon.

5. Department of Posts started Cool EMS Service between India & Japan

  • The Department of Posts had launched Cool EMS Service between India and Japan.
  • It is a one-way service from Japan to India which allows customers in India to import Japanese food items for personal use.
  • At starting this service will be available in Delhi only.
  • All other features like track and trace, etc of Express Mail Service (EMS) will be available for Cool EMS service as well.

Important Dates

6. Good Friday being observed : 30th March

  • Good Friday, the day commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, is being observed across the world.
  • Prayers and masses have been organised in the Churches and Chapels.
  • On this day, priests narrate the sufferings that Jesus Christ took upon himself for the sake of humanity.

Banking & Finance

7. RBI imposed penalty of Rs 58.9 Cr on ICICI Bank Ltd.

  • The Reserve Bank of India had imposed a monetary penalty of Rs. 58.9 crore on ICICI Bank Limited.
  • The penalty was imposed for violating norms relating to the sale of government securities from the held-to-maturity category of its bonds portfolio.
  • The Central Bank stated this penalty has been imposed in the exercise of powers vested with the RBI under the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, taking into account failure of the bank to adhere to its directions/guidelines.

Note:

  • There are certain conditions for the business of HTM Securities. Banks can sell 5 percent of HTM securities without any prior permission.
  • After this limit, banks have to seek permission from the Reserve Bank and also have to disclose it in the Annual Report.

8. Long-Term Capital Gains (LTCG) Tax to come into effect from first April

  • Several Budget proposals, including the reintroduction of the tax on long-term capital gains (LTCG) exceeding Rs 1 lakh from the sale of shares, will kick in from 1st April 2018, the beginning of the 2018-19 financial year.
  • Besides, other tax proposals like the reduced corporate tax of 25 percent on businesses on a turnover of up to Rs 250 crore and a standard deduction of Rs 40,000 in lieu of transport allowance and medical reimbursement, will come into effect from 01st April 2018.

Honours & Awards 

9. Sreekumaran Thampi gets J.C. Daniel Award

  • Sreekumaran Thampi was honoured with the J.C. Daniel Award.
  • He was honoured for recognition of his sterling contributions to the Malayalam film industry.
  • C. Daniel Award is a top film award of the Kerala government.

Note:

  • In 1966 Sreekumaran Thampi made his debut with Kattumallika and has written over 1,000-odd melodies.
  • In 2015 he won the Kerala Sangeeta Nataka Akademi award for lifetime contribution to light music and drama songs in 2015.

10. ‘Uma’ film selected at the top international film festival this year

  • ‘Uma’ film directed by the Srijit Mukherji’s has been officially selected for this year’s New York Indian Film Festival and London Indian Film Festival.
  • The New York film fest is scheduled for May 7 and 12 and the London-based event in June.
  • The film has been selected in the “feature category” of the two fests.
  • ‘Uma’ has been inspired by the story of Canadian boy Evan Leversage, who died of cancer in 2015.

Sports 

11. Darren Lehmann resigns as head coach of Cricket Australia

  • Darren Lehmann announced his resignation as head coach of Cricket Australia.
  • In the ball-tampering scandal, Cricket Australia gave a clean chit to the Darren Lehmann for any wrongdoing.

Note:

  • Cricket Australia slapped one-year bans on Smith and Warner besides announcing a 9-month ban on the 25-year-old opener Bancroft for their involvement in tampering with the cricket ball during the Newlands Test against South Africa.

*** Thank You ***

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