Daily GK : 1st-2nd April 2018

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International Affairs

1. USA and South Korea begin ‘Foal Eagle’ joint military training exercise

  • The United States and South Korea began their joint military training exercise named ‘Foal Eagle. More than 11,500 U.S. troops and nearly 300,000 South Korean forces will take part in the four-week exercises.
  • Foal Eagle, the largest annual joint military exercise in South Korea, usually runs about two months. Its start was delayed this year at the request of South Korea until after the Winter Olympics.

Note:

  • South Korea President- Moon Jae-in, Capital- Seoul.

National Affairs

2. ‘Rupashree scheme’ introduces by West Bengal Govt. for the marriage of poor girls

  • The West Bengal govt. has introduced a new scheme ‘Rupashree’ to provide marriage assistance to girls coming from economically weaker families with a budgetary allocation of Rs 1500 crore.
  • The scheme proposes to extend one-time financial assistance worth Rs 25,000 to the family of the girl whose annual income is up to Rs 1.5 lakh.
  • The monetary assistance will be provided at the time of marriage after the girl has attained the age of 18 years.
  • A woman is required to fill the application form before her marriage and submit it to the office of Block Development Officer or Municipality Office to avail benefits under Rupashree.

Note:

  • The state government had earlier introduced a scheme called ‘Kanyashree scheme’ to promote education among women but Rupashree scheme complements it with marriage assistance.

3. Delhi Becomes 1st Indian City to Roll-Out BS VI Fuel

  • With an aim to combat the rising levels of air pollution in Delhi-NCR region, petrol pumps in the capital started supplying ultra-clean Bharat Stage VI grade fuel (both petrol and diesel).
  • This move makes New Delhi the first city in the country to switch from BS-IV grade fuels to BS-VI (equivalent to fuel meeting Euro-VI emission norms).

Note: 

  • The major difference in standards between the existing BS-IV and the new BS-VI auto fuel norms is the presence of sulphur.

4. India becomes the second largest producer of mobile phones

  • India replaced Vietnam to become the second-largest producer of mobile phones in 2017.
  • According to Indian Cellular Association data, the annual production of mobile phones in India increased 11% percent of global from 3 million units (in 2014) to 11 million units (in 2017).
  • The top three mobile producing countries are China, India, and Vietnam.

Note:

  • Vietnam Capital- Hanoi, Currency- Vietnamese dong, President- Tran Dai Quang.

5. U.P. CM Yogi Adityanath Inaugurates India’s Longest Elevated Road in Ghaziabad

  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath inaugurated a 10.30-km-long elevated road, touted to be the longest of its kind in the country, connecting UP Gate and Rajnagar Extension, Ghaziabad.
  • Built at a cost of Rs1,147 crore, the six-lane elevated road is supported on 227 pillars. The road will make it easier to commute between Delhi and Ghaziabad.

Important Dates

6. World Autism Awareness Day being observed : 2nd April

  • The ‘World Autism Awareness Day’ has been observed across the world on 2nd April every year to raise awareness about people with autism throughout the world.
  • The 2018 theme for the day is ” Empowering Women and Girls with Autism“.
  • World Autism Day is also one of only four official health-specific UN Days adopted on 18th December 2007.
  • The day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly through the resolution 62/139.

Note:

  • Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them.

Banking & Finance

7. Indian Oil Corporation to invest Rs 1.4 lakh crore to double refining capacity

  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) plans to invest about Rs 1.43 lakh crore to its oil refining capacity to 150 million tonnes and boost petrochemical production by 2030.
  • Currently, the company owns and operates 11 out of the country’s 23 refineries, a total capacity of 80.7 million tonnes per annum.
  • IOC is expanding refining capacity to meet fuel demand, which is expected to nearly double by 2040.

8. SEBI decides to Doubles Investment Limit of Angel Funds to Rs10 crore

  • Looking to provide an impetus to early-stage start-ups, markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) decided to double the investment limit by angel funds in venture capital undertakings to Rs10 crore from the current Rs5 crore.
  • The SEBI board has approved amendments to Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) regulations with respect to ‘Angel Funds.’ Further, SEBI would halve the minimum corpus size required for an angel fund to register with it to Rs5 crore.

Note:

  • SEBI- Securities and Exchange Board of India.
  • SEBI Chairman- Ajay Tyagi, Headquarters- Mumbai.

Honours & Awards

9. Mithali Raj adjudged ‘Sportsperson of the Year’ for year 2017

  • Indian women’s cricket team captain ‘Mithali Raj’ has been adjudged ‘Sportsperson of the Year’ at the Telangana Sports Journalists Association annual awards for 2017 in Hyderabad.
  • Ace shuttlers ‘Kidambi Srikanth’ (best senior male) & ‘P V Sindhu’ bagged the best female athletes.
  • Former Indian cricketer V V S Laxman presented ‘best coach of the year’ award to Gopichand (second time)
  • The ‘Triple Olympian’ and former national Hockey player ‘N Mukesh Kumar’ was honored with the Lifetime Achievement award.

10. Dhoni & Advani to be conferred with Padma awards of 2018

  • Cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni and billiards champion Pankaj Advani are among the 41 prominent personalities conferred with the Padma awards of 2018 by President Ram Nath Kovind in New Delhi.
  • This year, 84 Padma awards were announced, 43 of them received the award from the President last month.
  • The Padma awards list comprises Padma Vibhushan (3), Padma Bhushan (9)and Padma Shri (73) awards.

Note:

  • The awards are given in different fields and disciplines such as art, literature and education, sports, medicine, social work, science and engineering, public affairs, civil service, trade and industry.

Appointments

11. Debjani Ghosh Appointed New President of Nasscom

  • Debjani Ghosh, former managing director of Intel South Asia, is the new president of Nasscom. She has replaced R.Chandrashekhar upon completion of his term.
  • A big propagator of gender diversity and equal representation in corporate India, Ms Ghosh was the first woman to lead Intel India and MAIT (Manufacturers’ Association for Information Technology).

Note: 

  • National Association of Software and Services Companies is the full form of Nasscom.
  • Raman Roy is the chairman of Nasscom.

Obituaries

12. Former Guatemala dictator Efrain Rios Montt passes away

  • Former Guatemala dictator Rios Montt (91-year) passed away at home.
  • Mr. Montt ruled Guatemala between 1982 and 1983 and his military government practiced large-scale violations of human rights and spread counter-insurgency terror among the peasantry.
  • Rios Montt was held responsible for the murders of 1771 indigenous Ixil-Maya people in Guatemala.
  • According to the United Nations, around 200000 people died (or disappear) during Guatemala’s long civil war, ended in 1996.

13. Veteran Tamil film director C.V. Rajendran passes away

  • Veteran Tamil film director C.V. Rajendran (81-year) passed away after a prolonged illness.
  • Mr. Rajendran had worked with several big names like Sivaji Ganesan, Jaishankar, Rajinikanth and Kamal Hassan.
  • His first directorial career was in 1967 with the Tamil film Anubavam Pudhumai starring R Muthuraman.
  • He directed a few memorable films like Kalatta Kalyanam, Sumathi En Sundari and Raja starring Sivaji Ganesan and Jayalalithaa and Ponoonjal.
  • Rajendran also produced two films, Vietnam Colony (1994) and Once More (1997). 

Sports

14. Kerala lifts their sixth Santosh Trophy by defeating Bengal

  • Kerala has won the 72nd edition of premier domestic football tournament ‘Santosh Trophy’ by defeating 32-time winners Bengal via penalty shootout in the final (Locked 2-2 after extra time) at the Salt Lake Stadium in Kolkata.
  • Kerala goalkeeper V Mithun put up a stellar show in the tie-breaker to help his side win 4-2.

Note:

  • Santosh Trophy is an annual Indian football tournament started in 1941.
  • It is knock-out competition contested by the regional state associations and government institutions under the All India Football Federation (AIFF).
Season Host Winner Runner-up
2017–18 Kolkata Kerala West Bengal
2016–17 Goa West Bengal Goa
2015–16 Nagpur Services Maharashtra

15. John Isner wins Men’s Singles in Miami Open

  • American professional tennis player John Isner (32-year) has won Miami open 2018, defeating Alexander Zverev (Germany) in the final 6-7(4–7), 6-4, 6-4 at Crandon Park in Key Biscayne, Florida, United States.
  • In 2019, the event will move to the Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens north of Miami.

Note:

  • The 2018 Miami Open is a professional men and women’s tennis tournament being played on outdoor hard courts.
  • It was the 33rd edition of the Miami Open and of the Premier Mandatory category on the 2018 WTA Tour.

The winners of Miami Open 2018 Title:

Category Winner Runner Up
Men’s Singles John Isner (USA) Alexander Zverev (Germany)
Women’s Singles Sloane Stephens (USA) Jelena Ostapenko (Latvia)
Men’s Doubles Mike Bryan & Bob Bryan (USA) Karen Khachanov & Andrey Rublev (Russia)
Women’s Doubles Ashleigh Barty (Australia)

& CoCo Vandeweghe (USA)

Katerina Siniakova (Czech Republic) & Barbora Krejcikova (Czech Republic)

*** Thank You ***

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